When speaking of cryptoexchanges you must have heard of decentralized and centralized exchanges. Cryptoexchanges are essentially user-friendly platforms where you can purchase and sell your crypto assets. Each exchange will have its rules but you can get a variety of coins to choose from in these platforms. The two basic types of cryptoexchanges are centralized exchanges and decentralized exchanges.
What are Centralized and Decentralized Exchanges?
Centralized exchanges are platforms for buying and selling cryptocurrencies where a third party monitors the transfers. Bitcoin Prime is a reliable trading platform that allows users to buy and sell cryptocurrencies without the need for human intervention. You need to trust this third party to secure your assets. The blockchain will not track their deals. So, you need to submit your personal ID for verification. In case you run a business, you must offer your corporate details for account verification to the exchange. Examples of centralized exchanges are Coinbase, Binance, etc.
DEx or decentralized exchanges refer to exchanges where there is no third party involvement. All funds on the cryptoexchange are stored in the blockchain. These platforms enable peer-to-peer or P2P trading using assets, escrow system, or proxy tokens.
Centralized vs Decentralized Exchanges:
- Control: In a centralized exchange, much of the control on the user account is with the third party running that exchange. But this is not the case with a decentralized exchange where control stays with you. This explains why decentralized exchanges may be complex to use and why they are more popular.
- User-friendliness: You will find centralized cryptoexchanges are far more popular compared to their decentralized counterparts. While the latter has many advantages over centralized ones in terms of accounts and wallets, they are not so popular. Liquidity and infrastructure are superior in centralized exchanges.
- Security: centralized exchanges are prone to hacking. The third party in the exchange can be hacked, and since it has all the private keys belonging to individual users, the hackers can access their funds. So, users may end up losing their money. Such incidents have occurred in the past and centralized exchanges have been working hard on their security protocols. Decentralized exchanges, on the contrary, are not faced with hacking risks and you will not lose your money because of this. Because of these inherent security loopholes, many centralized exchanges have begun providing decentralized accounts for customers.
- Features: Centralized exchanges enjoy many advantages over decentralized one, in terms of features. For instance, users can engage in margin trading, use multiple advanced orders, and other portfolio management tools. Decentralized exchanges, on the other hand, have limited order types and do not provide margin trading.
- Fees: Charges are imposed by centralized exchanges in return for their services; these can be different for different providers, depending on features. However, decentralized exchanges typically do not have charges at all or very nominal fees.
- Speed: Decentralized exchanges are slower in comparison; they usually take about 15 seconds for matching and filling orders.
- Regulation: Regulating a centralized exchange is simpler than regulating a decentralized one. Centralized exchanges need licenses and must stick to local regulatory authority’s rules. But decentralized exchanges have no regulation because of a distributed blockchain.
- Liquidity: Centralized exchanges are more liquid than decentralized ones because many users place orders according to the market’s trends. This means if any asset is popular, multiple users will sell or buy it. Decentralized ones do not offer high liquidity because order-matching takes a while.